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DataWeave scripts to clean your XML/HTML code snippets for a WordPress blog post


In this post:


In case you're not familiar with my dataweave-scripts GitHub repo, it's the place where I keep some of the scripts I've created to help the community with transformation questions or simply some scripts that have been handy to me.

In this post, I want to introduce you to two transformations I added because of a use case I came up with last week. Basically to help clean an XML or HTML to publish a script in a WordPress article.

The problem

This problem started because I had written a blog post in a WordPress-based blog. I was sharing a Maven snippet (XML format). The issue is that WordPress mistook the XML tags as HTML code. So, instead of having a regular XML snippet, the article was showing something like this:

The fix was simple. Instead of having the regular < and > characters pasted in the code snippet, I had to use &lt; and &gt; respectively.

(Thanks so much Julian Duque for providing the fix! I had no idea about this issue in WordPress 🤗)

For example, instead of writing <plugin>, I had to replace it with &lt;plugin&gt;

I thought to myself: If I need to keep doing this for future blog posts, maybe I can create a DataWeave transformation to fix this for me so I can just easily copy and paste the new clean snippet.

These are the two approaches I came up with.

First approach: XML input

The first thing I tried to do since I was using an XML format for the script, was to take an input XML format, transform it to a String, and then clean the text. This is the script I came up with:

%dw 2.0
output text/plain
replace "<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>\n" with ""
replace "<" with "&lt;"
replace ">" with "&gt;"

However, I quickly ran into issues when I tried to clean an HTML code snippet using this same transformation. This is how I came up with the second approach.

Second approach: plain text input

This time I decided to use a plain text input instead of an XML input format. This way, both XML and HTML code snippets could be used as the input and I wouldn't need to use the write() function in the first place.

%dw 2.0
output text/plain
replace "<" with "&lt;"
replace ">" with "&gt;"

Plus, I got rid of one replace() because I no longer needed to remove the XML header.


It's a short post, but I hope it's insightful for you all 🤗 I'm sure I'll keep using this example in the Playground to modify my WordPress posts in the future.

Let me know if you've faced similar issues with WordPress before!

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